Hildegard of Bingen: Giving Women a Voice

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A WOMAN’S VOICE ACROSS THE AGES

by Colleen Keating

Trudging uphill, a small white butterfly crossed my path. I stopped. My eyes, following its
flirting curve upward, were caught by a rustic wooden sign with the word Klosterruine, the ruins of a monastery. I walked with new purpose and new energy. Being mid-morning, the sun played on my back throwing a forward-onward shadow of joyful anticipation. Yet already it had the promise of a sweltering July day. As a pilgrim the map and compass were no longer needed. I felt close to my destination. All my concerns and sense of uncertainty lifted as lightly as the butterfly wings.

I had set out after breakfast from my hotel in the German town of Bingen on the Rhine River. With the language barrier I was unsure of my way. After two trains and about thirty kilometres inland via Bad Kreuznach I arrived at Staudernheim. Being a deserted and unmanned railroad stop didn’t help. However my mud map had my destination – Disibodenberg to the west. Thus began this uphill walk and into a dappled shady grove. With its lostness of ruins I found myself in a world of another time.

I had come in search of a woman known as Hildegard of Bingen. Well actually I had come in search of the ancient ruins of an abbey, where she had lived for forty-four years from the age of eight. And now this is where I stood, feeling an overwhelming presence. As a woman from Australia this was a dream come true. Hildegard has been my inspiration as a woman, wife and mother, a healer, environmentalist and writer since I first came to know her.

Hildegard lived in the 12th Century, in the rich Rhineland Valley in Germany, a writer, composer, artist, naturalist, healer, leader and most importantly a prophet for her time. Today we call her a mystic. She stood up and was listened to by popes and leaders. She spoke from her own feminine power, her own feminine centre. And her voice was backed by practical application. Today her medieval wisdom, that spoke always from a feminine truth and perspective, gives us renewed hope. Renewed hope, as we struggle with the issues of caring for our earth, caring for our body, sustainability, climate stress and human relations; inequality and injustice, especially towards women; corrupting power in religious and secular institutions and corporations. For us today her voice is a rainbow bridge spanning nine centuries, with its many strands.

But gradually her voice fell silent.

Now after nine hundred years she has been rediscovered . For us, as women of the 21st century her voice speaks out ‘purely’. I say purely, for Hildegard’s words and music are from before the Dark Ages, before the stranglehold of the patriarchal church, before the burning of the sages and healers as witches, before the banning of books. Hildegard believed in women empowering themselves and finding a distinctively feminine voice. A voice, unlike male writing that transcended the body to find its spirituality, Hildegard’s voice is embodied in the earth, health, food and fertility.

The first time I heard of Hildegard was when I came across her mandalas in a friend’s book, around 25 years ago. They took my breath away. Her mandalas are minutely detailed circular drawings representing the universe and its oneness. They reminded me of the first time I saw the photo of our fragile blue planet floating in space, taken by the crew on Apollo 8 in 1968. Her drawings have a mystical quality and a ‘knowing’ that is prophetic. With one of her cosmic mandalas she wrote:
“The earth is at the same time mother, she is mother of all that is natural, mother of all that is human. She is the mother of all, for contained in her are the seeds of all.” 1
Her biographer states: “Hildegard reminds women of the power of their prophetic voice, and not to be afraid to stand up to power over issues that truly matter, such as the way we are treating Mother Earth and the way power corrupts – including religious power. And to put the God of Life ahead of the God of Religion as circumstances dictate.” 2
The twelfth century gave birth to a Renaissance. Hildegard of Bingen whose lifetime spanned eighty percent of that century (1098-1179) stood out as a woman of extraordinary spirit and courage. In her life time Chartres Cathedral rose from the grain fields of France with its delicate stain glass and inimitable sculptures. Frederick Barbarossa was the powerful Emperor of the Holy
Roman Empire. The second violent Crusade was launched and the University of Paris was evolving. There are letters of Hildegard admonishing these leaders and replies to show she was listened to.
Hildegard was the last of ten children. She was an unusual child and a day-dreamer. Her ageing parents placed her under the tutelage of Jutta von Sponheim – “as a gift to God.” This idea of the
‘tithe’ of a child to the Church was not uncommon. And so at the age of eight years old Hildegard came to live on the outskirts of a Benedictine monastery of monks, under the tutelage of the older hermit Jutta. This monastery was set up in the hills behind Bingen at Disibodenberg. And now I was here.

My every step was absorbed by soft verdant grass and I was alone in utter wonder. At first it was like entering a secret garden. This over grown shady grove unfolded like a history book. Stone patinated with moss and algae, crumbled columns, stairs down to nowhere, rocks scattered half- buried by vines and gnarled tree roots like pythons gnawing the earth, strangling and moulding their abode. Today it is a protected site and tranquil like a pre-loved garden. I followed the worn path to the outskirts of the walls and here I found a small plaque Hildegard Kapelle (meaning her cell or chapel). A rambling red rose in full summer bloom grew across the broken stone wall. I found a place to sit. Delicate maidenhair ferns grooved into a cool crumbling niche. My heart was on fire.

This is where by osmosis Hildegard absorbed the songs and prayers and stories of the Bible. Jutta schooled her in the ways of monastic life. There would have been many happy and often sad and lonely times for this young girl. This is where Hildegard lived for forty-four years. A time she later called her kairos time. Besides gardening, weaving, spinning and learning the psaltery (a zither-like string instrument) and the chores of her life of service, Hildegard was becoming very learned in the nutritional value of herbs and the making of tonics and salves. Hildegard learned quickly and intuited much. As the years went by many women began coming to her and Jutta for counsel with women’s health and medical issues. They benefited from their advice and the herbs, salves and tonics they made.

Even though this hermitage was a crammed space Hildegard’s charisma spread, and a number of young girls came to join them. They became a small parallel convent under the Benedictine Rule confined to a space still outside the monk’s Monastery.

Hildegard had heard ‘voices’ from when a young girl. For many years she suppressed this and she often felt a malaise (now thought to have been migraine). As time went on she felt a powerful call to write. It took her over two years to build up the courage to approach Abbott Kuno and another two years to get his permission. She was given a secretary, a former teacher called Volmar, to be her scribe.

And so at the age of forty-two years and 7 months, the writing down of her visions began. As her creativity increased her malaise lifted. The first of her nine books called Scivias ‘Know the Way’ took ten years to write and contained 26 visions with drawings and detailed mandalas of great beauty. Her famous Causae et Curae discusses the symptoms, causes and cures of physical ailments, all very much based on finding balance internally and externally. She reveals an understanding of the whole human being and sets forth a comprehensive system of healing – mind, body and spirit. Her way is truly holistic. Over the next forty years she wrote texts on theology, on creation, the environment, on medicinal herbs and teas, on botanical and biological observation including herbal advice. Her writings became well known throughout Europe and as far as Rome. In many of her letters she advised political leaders, and into her late seventies she went on preaching tours. She has left us with over one hundred letters, seventy poems, a play as well as the nine books.

Not long after Jutta died in 1136, Hildegard had a vision for her sisters and found the courage to act. She decided to build a Benedictine Abbey for women. The Monks refused to allow the move. They enjoyed the revenue that the women brought in by their hard work. In spite of being a woman in a male-dominated period with no formal education, Hildegard found her power. Hildegard stood up to the men and finally won, after taking to her bed and refusing to work.

Hildegard acquired land for her first Abbey in a strategic place at the junction of the Nahr and Rhine Rivers, just north of Bingen at Rupertsberg. She oversaw its construction. Hildegard saw to it that the plan included plumbing with running water and sanitary standards unknown for her women before this. They cultivated a vineyard and bottled wine. Hildegard believed wine was a medicine for warmth and well being, especially at times of women’s menstrual cycle.

Hildegard and her sisters had a garden which provided many nutritional and medicinal needs for the infirmary that she set up. People of the district, and further afield, streamed to the Abbey for her holistic advice and medicinal help.

For the next forty years she ran a vibrant Abbey. As the number of women increased she decided to expand and build a second Abbey. At the age of sixty seven, which was quite old for her time, Hildegard chose a wonderful position high on the hill on the opposite side of the Rhine River at Eibingen. She also planned and oversaw the construction of this second Abbey.

On my pilgrimage it was exciting to search out the two Abbeys she built. The first one at Rupertsberg is difficult to find. Today it is in a busy business section of the town of Bingen and has only a small sign out the front which could easily be missed.
All these centuries later nothing appears left of this once vibrant community of buildings and gardens, said at one stage to include 300 women. It was burned to the ground during war with Sweden in 1632 and the French destroyed the last remains in 1689. However, though it was destroyed and forgotten, it was rediscovered when they surveyed for the railway line that now runs through the area. There were already buildings on top but they excavated and the layout of this ancient Abbey was discovered.

I was met by a Benedictine nun who excitedly took me down into a few re-created rooms. Our meeting and the rapport we developed was one of my most touching experiences and a highlight of my pilgrimage. She spoke vibrant, energetic German explaining it all to me and I just said “yah” and nodded and smiled and looked at all in wonderment. Then I would say something in English and she excitedly told me more in German. We couldn’t understand each other but our spirits were one and our hearts understood every word. We stood together in the room where Hildegard died. It was a poignant moment. She spoke passionately and was happy to have someone to whom to tell the story. The sisters have re-created the space with murals, as to how they believe it would have been. And I felt humbled and overwhelmed with happiness to be there.

My next step was to take the ferry across the Rhine. I walked up the hill to the second Abbey which has been rebuilt in the last four hundred years and is still a working concern with forty sisters who live the Benedictine life. This was a time to experience the charisms of Hildegard’s legacy.

I planned to stay a few days and enjoy their hospitality. I fell easily into the Benedictine rhythm of
the ‘contemplative in the world’ being in the moment, aware of the call of the dawn, waiting upon the day, listening to the dusk, letting go of the dark and listening to the landscape around me. There was a spaciousness in my days, with ruhr (silence) always welcome. I enjoyed the bells calling to prayer with chanting and singing. I enjoyed spelt bread and wine from Hildegard’s recipes and teas and I found her spirit alive in the joy of the sisters.

Behind the Bingen Museum I discovered a garden which is dedicated to Hildegard. Many of the herbs and plants that Hildegard mentions in her writings are growing there. Hildegard saw health as “moist, wet, juicy as the succulent fruit on the vine”.
She would counsel:
“do not allow yourself to be drained dry”3
She coined the word ‘viriditas’ to describe the greening power, the moistness and quenching of thirst that wisdom herself promises. She used ‘viriditas’ to describe the divine vitality that fills the world.

Today more people are aware of Hildegard through her music than any other of her endeavours.
She composed music for her sisters to sing. She was aware of the power of music to lift their spirits, and it gave a joyful and celebratory feel to every day. Her morality play and the dressing up and laughter and fun were part of this.
Her words are valuable mantras for us:
“Be not lax in celebrating.
Be not lazy in the festive service of creation.
Be ablaze with enthusiasm.
Let us be alive” 4

Even though her music was lost to the world for 900 years, Hildegard ’s music was waiting to sing for our earth again.
“For Hildegard there is no truer, deeper or more cosmic way to celebrate ‘being’ than to make music, for all of creation is to her a symphony”. 5
Today it is revived by many ancient music specialist groups all over the world and still lifts spirits Her music is very popular on ABC FM and was in the top 100 survey of loved music in 2014.
Heather Lee, a singer and scholar of ancient music says of Hildegard’s music:
“It’s a fantastic experience to sing her work, because it just puts you in her consciousness in the 12th Century, you know, you’re there through her style of music. For her time, it was quite innovative because she was singing higher notes than anyone else. She went up to a top G. That was never done before, and it’s technically beautiful to sing, it’s soaring, it’s flowing and it’s all on the breath. “ 6

For me, Spiritus Sanctus from the CD Canticles of Ecstasy is one of the most beautiful compositions. Hildegard sings of the Holy Spirit moving through the body and so the breath moves. The breath – that was everything to her. Spirit flowing through the body and the mind and that was what she lived for and what she gave to the women that gathered around her. And for those that listen she gives it still today.

Hildegard gave the earth a voice. Her message was to care for the earth as you would care for your mother. In her prophetic way she saw all of life as interconnected. She reminds us to remember who we are, not set apart and superior, not meant to dominate this world, but with the honour to receive abundantly as the trusted stewards of the earth.

In my essay I hope I have given the reader a taste of Hildegard’s message, and the sound of her voice. Most importantly, Hildegard was a woman who spoke out.
“From the pain and darkness of her own journey she spoke out. And she sang out and wrote out. And travelled out. And preached out” . 7
She challenges us as women to reclaim and be the healing feminine voice for our time.

Now after two pilgrimages to Germany, I am still journeying to discover and enjoy the spirit of this amazing woman. Oh the sheer delight of hearing this lost woman’s voice from 900 years ago, speak for women today in the 21st century.

May her genius come alive for you and now having read these few words may you too go on to discover her for the rest of your life.
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FOOT NOTES and REFERENCES

1 Hildegard of Bingen , Scivias, trans. by Mother Columba Hart Paulist Press NY 1990
2 Fox, Matthew, Original Blessing Bear & Co NM 1983
3. Fox, Matthew, Illuminations of Hildegard of Bingen, Bear & Co 1985
4. A Feather on the Breath of God Sequence and Hymns by Hildegard of Bingen
Hyperion 1982
5 Fierro, Nancy, Hildegard’s Music.org/music
6 Heather Lee .Winner of the Australian National Aria Award and Scholar of Sacred Music
Rhythm Divine ABC 2011. Her CD Sacred Fire: Music of Hildegard von Bingen

7 Matthew Fox 1985 Ibid pg. 18
A VALUABLE REFERNCE

Hildegard of Bingen’s Medicine by Dr. W. Strehlow & Dr. G Hertzka. Bear & Co 1988
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